BIOLOGICAL THREAT


Biological agents are organisms or toxins that can kill or incapacitate people, livestock, and crops. The three basic groups of biological agents that would likely be used as weapons are bacteria, viruses, and toxins. Most biological agents are difficult to grow and maintain. Many break down quickly when exposed to sunlight and other environmental factors, while others, such as anthrax spores, are very long lived. Biological agents can be dispersed by spraying them into the air, by infecting animals that carry the disease to humans, and by contaminating food and water. Delivery methods include:

 

  • Aerosols - biological agents are dispersed into the air, forming a fine mist that may drift for miles. Inhaling the agent may cause disease in people or animals.
  • Animals - some diseases are spread by insects and animals, such as fleas, mice, flies, mosquitoes, and livestock.
  • Food and water contamination - some pathogenic organisms and toxins may persist in food and water supplies. Most microbes can be killed, and toxins deactivated, by cooking food and boiling water. Most microbes are killed by boiling water for one minute, but some require longer. Follow official instructions.
  • Person-to-person - spread of a few infectious agents is also possible. Humans have been the source of infection for smallpox, plague, and the Lassa viruses.

 

How can I protect myself?

What to do before a biological threat

What to do during a biological threat

What to do after a biological threat

 

 

Resources

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

National Terrorism Advisory System

Joint Regional Intelligence Center (JRIC)

Terrorism Information Officer (TLO) Information Network

Facebook  Twitter

Kids

Learn more about being ready with fun activities just for you!

Read More..

Special Needs

Prepare and plan for the unique needs of family members with Disabilities and Other Access & Functional Needs.

Read More..

Pet Owners

Protect your pets by preparing the whole family for disasters.

Read More..

Business

Every business should have a plan. Learn how and get ready now.

Read More..

Military Families

Increase your family's personal preparedness while you ensure the welfare of our homeland.

Read More..

Older Americans

Evaluate your personal needs to prepare yourself for every situation.

Read More..

Responders

Who takes care of your family while you take care of the community? You do.

Read More..

ambassador wrn

vcalert

epc